Infant preparations belong to the DADAP (foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses) and must be in accordance with a precise regulation in the food category. Some specific infant preparations answer to a strict regulation from the ADDFMS (foods for special medical purposes) which regulates the prescription and the marketing for pharmaceutical network only.
Infant preparations must be in accordance with two European Directives and two National Decrees. The latter correspond to both healthy and intolerant or allergic young children.
- - The directive 2006/141 on the EU system and the decree from the 11th of April 2008: regulate the infant formulas and follow on formulas for the following single authorized protein sources:
• Milk protein
• Isolates from soya,
• Vegetal protein hydrolysates
- - The directive 2006/125 on the EU system and the decree from the 1st of July 1976: regulate, amongst others, cereals based preparations including simple cereals and protein supplement cereals whose single authorized proteins are mentioned above.
Partial vegetal protein hydrolysate preparations based can answer to the regulatory documents for both healthy infant children and for special medical issues according the product specificity.
The composition is often basic and standardized and it often needs the adding of nutrients (vitamins, minerals, amino acids, nucleotides…) to answer to regulatory purposes. These formulations may present some advantages and disadvantages according to the brand. The choice of the ingredients depends on the manufacturer position but also on the production process.
Currently, the majority of the preparations are obtained by atomization or spray-drying which involves a succession of technical operations that can have consequences upon the quality and the properties of the powders including the nutritional interest. Other more respectful alternatives exist such as cold-treatment.